History of the Monsoons

Monsoons are winds that blow inland during the summer. They blow out to sea during winter. The best known monsoons occur in the northern region of the Indian Ocean. Monsoons are caused by uneven warming of the land and sea.

Monsoon winds usually blow inland from April to October. In the northern Indian Ocean, they bring heavy rains to normally dry places. Monsoons also occur on a smaller scale in Africa, China, Spain, and the United States.

In summer, the land is warmer than the sea. Warm air from the land rises and is then replaced by moist air from the sea. This humid air produces the heavy rains that occur during a monsoon. In winter, the ocean is warmer than the land. Warm sea air rises and is then replaced by cold, dry land air.

The summer monsoons bring heavy rains to India from June to September. But farmers still need this rain to irrigate and they also use it to generate electricity.

The Teej Monsoon Festival takes place in Rajasthan between July and August. In India, good monsoons bring fortuitous life and good harvests. According to legend, this festival brings the family together. The monsoon rains bring life to the desert and help crops to grow. They are thanking the gods for the blessings on their people.

During ca 1400 and 1850 AD it was the little ice age. It was a smaller version of the previous ice age. This almost ended life. There are between 200 million and one billion people in the monsoon area of ‚Äč‚ÄčIndia. If they have a weak monsoon recurrence like before, it would greatly affect people.

Here are some safety tips on how to stay safe during a monsoon storm.

  1. Never stand on any high ground.

  2. Stay away from power lines.

  3. Make sure you have a disaster and first aid kit.

  4. Stay away from windows and glass.

  5. Stay out of the trees.

  6. Avoid metal objects during lightning.

  7. Never stand in an open area.

  8. Do not use landlines unless it is for emergencies.

  9. Do not use sinks or showers.

  10. Unplug electronic equipment.

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